Zafar Iqbal, Ph.D., carries over twenty-three years of teaching and research experience, received doctorate in mass communication in 2003. He serves at International Islamic University, Islamabad and published in the reputed national and international journals. During last ten years, he spent remained a post-doctorate scholar at the University of Surrey, UK, University of Southern California, LA, USA and as Chevening Fellow at University of Oxford, UK. His work aims at exploring the negative sentiments that historically exit between Muslims and non Muslims, and attempts to figure out the present state of hostility towards Muslims/Islam in the contemporary media dominated world. His basic assumption explains that Islamophobia as a phenomenon is historic in nature and contemporary construction is mainly mediated and its epistemic/symbolic dimension has different connotations. As such, its construction is rendered in a pluralistic manner; hence, it appears as a corpus constituted of Islamophobias. He tested an instrument for measuring Islamophobia in the epistemological spheres by finding its nexus with media and other social antecedents.
Dr. M. Zafar Iqbal Cheema is the President & Executive Director of the Strategic Vision Institute (SVI), Islamabad. Dr. Zafar I Cheema is the former Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, Meritorious Professor of Strategic Studies & Chairman (2005 – 2008), and Founding Member of the Department of Defence & Strategic Studies (DSS), Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), Islamabad – Pakistan. He was previously Professor and Chairman DSS, QAU (1993 1998) and (2005-2008). He also served as Professor / Head of Department of Strategic and Nuclear Studies (S&NS), National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan (2011 – 2012). Dr. Cheema was the Head of M Phil and Ph D Committees of both, at DSS Department, QAU and S&NS (Department), NDU. DR. Cheema also has some additional appointments; Member HEC’s (Higher Education Commission), Committee of Social Sciences and Humanities, Islamabad, Head HEC’s Sub-Committee on the Disciplines of International Relations and Strategic Studies, for recommending quality Journals, Chairperson, Board of Faculty, Social Sciences, QUA, Islamabad, Senior Member, Advanced Studies Research Board, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad and Chairperson, Board of Studies, Department of Defence & Strategic Studies, QAU, Islamabad. Dr. Cheema holds a PhD from Department of War Studies, King’s College London (1987-91) in War Studies and specialized in Strategic & Nuclear Studies. He also holds an Advanced Diploma in Peace and Conflict Research from University of Uppsala, Sweden (1994), Masters in International Relations from Quaid-i-Azam University (1978), Islamabad, and Masters in Political Science from Punjab University, Lahore (1971). Dr. Cheema was honoured with four (4) post-doctoral awards: A, (Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden(Summer 1994); B, (Fulbright Fellowship at School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington D.C., (1995-96); C, (Commonwealth Fellowship at King’s College London (1999-2000); and D, (Quaid-i-Azam Fellowship (Jinnah Chair) at St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, oxford – U.K. (Jan 2001 – Dec 2004). At the end of last fellowship at Oxford, he was honoured as Senior Associate Member of St. Antony’s College (Jan –June 2005). DR. Cheema has 35 Years of postgraduate research and teaching experience: 25 years at QAU and 10 years cumulatively at Georgetown University, King’s college London, Antony’s College, Oxford University and 1 year at NDU. The QAU experience also includes 10 years of academic administration such as Dean, Social Sciences, Chairperson DSS, and President Research and Publications Cell, QAU, Islamabad Dr. Cheema has authored one and edited three books. He has also published 35 research papers / book chapters. DR. Cheema participated in approximately 100 International Seminars / Conferences and presented papers in many of those.